Catastrophizing: You tell yourself that the very worst is happening or is going to happen.
Overestimating Probabilities/ Underestimating Coping Response: You overestimate difficulty or danger while underestimating your ability to cope with the situation.
All-or-Nothing (Black-and-White) Thinking: You view a situation in extremes rather than on a continuum.
Over-generalizing: You generalize from one situation to the next, believing that future experiences will be similar or identical to past experiences.
Self-Confirmatory Bias: You find “evidence” that helps you justify or maintain your belief system.
Emotional Reasoning: You think something must be true simply because it “feels” true.
Overvaluing Thoughts: You ascribe credibility and meaning to senseless or random thoughts.
Overvaluing Sensations: You misinterpret bodily sensations as being exaggerated, life-threatening or dangerous.
Worrying as Superstitious Thinking: Continuing to worry helps you feel that you will not be caught off-guard. It also feels like constant worrying could ward off the dreaded situation.
Foreclosure: You focus on the possible ways that a situation might end, because it feels too hard to be in a state of uncertainty.
Mind Reading: You guess what others are thinking, and refrain from checking to see whether your impressions are correct.
Negative Review: You replay a performance, conversation or interaction after the moment has passed, focusing on your perceived shortcomings and wishing you had done something different.
Should Statements: You think in terms of how you, others, or the world “should” be. This type of thinking usually accompanies perfectionism and/or a rigid style of thinking.
Discounting the Positive: You minimize or discount any positive feedback or perspective while maintaining a familiar, negative outlook.
Beck’s Negative Triad: You have a negative view of the self; negative view of the world; and negative view of the future.
Note to reader: This list is a compilation of some commonly used terms that have been originated, modified and/or re-stated by many cognitive-behavioral therapists. Dr. Stone therefore does not claim authorship to these terms.